types of modifiers used to improve the properties of asphalt

Asphalt Modifiers - Pavement Interactive

In general, asphalt cement should be modified to achieve the following types of improvements (Roberts et al., 1996): Lower stiffness (or viscosity) at the high temperatures associated with construction. This facilitates pumping of the liquid asphalt binder as well as mixing and compaction of HMA.

Benefits modifiers used to improve the properties of asphalt

Crumb rubber, also referred as ground rubber, is one of several available asphalt binder modifiers Rubber from scrap tires or other sources is grinded and blended with asphalt cement to beneficially modify the properties of asphalt, forming rubbermodified asphalt binder asphalt rubber binder or used as a aggregate substitute in an asphalt paving mixture

The benefits of modified asphalts | Asphalt magazine

The benefits of modified asphalts. According to the Asphalt Institute’s “ (MS-4) Asphalt Handbook”, modifiers and additives being used to boost performance include polymers, chemical modifiers, extenders, oxidants and antioxidants, hydrocarbons and anti-stripping additives.

Authors: Dwight WalkerAbout: Service life · Rut

benefits modifiers used to improve the properties of asphalt

Asphalt aging could cause several serious issues on the pavement such as stiffening, stripping that accelerates fatigue cracking and different moisture-induced problems such as raveling and potholes. Therefore, various additives are used as modifiers to improve the mechanical properties of asphalt. The most commonly used modifiers are polymers.

Asphalt Modifiers | ACS Technical Products

Plasticizer, Asphalt Modifier An aliphatic, bio-derived modifier for asphalt and cement feedstocks. Exceptional compaction aid, anti-strip and low temperature modifier properties for use in Warm Mix Additive (WMA) applications.

Asphalt Binder Chemical Modification

Key Components of Asphalt • Asphaltenes (the component which thickens asphalt when fluid) –Very large complex materials –Typically 10-25% of asphalt. • Maltenes (oily type material- everything but asphaltenes) –Resins: like asphaltenes but much smaller –Saturates: basically oils- think of motor oil …

Chemical Modifiers To Improve the Strength and Durability ...

modifiers to improve the performance of asphalt . These include fillers and fibers to reinforce the mixture; sulfur as a partial or complete replacement for asphalt; and polymers, elastomers, antistripping agents, and metal complexes to im­ prove the properties of …

CHAPTER FOUR Asphalt Additives and Modifiers ...

They con- cluded that bio-modifiers could be used as a full or partial replacement for asphalt binder; their study further showed that addition of their bio-oils to the asphalt binder increased the stiffness and high-temperature properties of base asphalt binders.

The Use and Performance of Asphalt Binder Modified with ...

The modification of asphalt binder to improve performance properties has grown significantly since the implementation of the Strategic Highway Research Program (SHRP) binder specifications. There has been increased use of polymers, crumb rubber modifier and Polyphosphoric Acid (PPA). There has been concern by many highway agencies about the

What are the Types of Modifier in Bitumen? - Civil Engineering

TYPE OF BITUMEN MODIFIER AND ADDITIVE. There are 3 type of bitumen modifier, namely : (1) physical modification. (2) chemical modification. (3) other type modification. The table 1 below showed the type of modifier and example of additive that being used to modify the bitumen.

Asphalt - Pavement Interactive

Asphalt Physical Properties

Performance Evaluation of Stone Mastic Asphalt (SMA) Using ...

Typically, modifiers and fillers are used to decrease optimum binder content, increase stability, increase bond between asphalt cement and aggregates and improve density (Brown, 1989). The main reason for using these modifiers and fillers is to improve quality and performance of the paving mixture to meet the

Asphalt Binder Chemical Modification

been used in the last 7 years • Cost effective- works by making more and smaller asphaltenes • As stand-alone modifier, high temp. stiffness, no low temp. effect, no negative impact on aging • Unique properties obtainable when used as a co-modifier with polymers • Successfully used with hydrated lime and selected amines.

additeves used to improve asphalt

host of man-made oroducts are now available which can be used to improve the rheological and/or adhesive properties of nature's own asphalt cement The laboratory evaluation of five of these asphalt additives is the subfect of thi s report The primary objective was ,...

Effect of Additives on Asphalt Properties - AAPT

Effect of Additives on Asphalt Properties - AAPT. Analysis of Mineral Fillers and Mastics Used in Stone Matrix Asphalt. Harris, Basil M. and Stuart, Kevin D. V.64-95, p.130. Role of Crumb Rubber Content and Type in Changing Critical Properties of Asphalt Binders. Bahia, Hussain and Davies, Robert V.64-95, p.209.

Performance Evaluation of Stone Mastic Asphalt (SMA) Using ...

Typically, modifiers and fillers are used to decrease optimum binder content, increase stability, increase bond between asphalt cement and aggregates and improve density (Brown, 1989). The main reason for using these modifiers and fillers is to improve quality and performance of the paving mixture to meet the

Use of Polyphosphoric Acid in Asphalt Binders

1990’s and is currently used extensively to improve asphalt properties. The addition of polyphosphoric acid to neat bitumen results in the following changes: increased viscosity, higher softening point, lower penetration at room temperature, and a slight increase or no change in penetration at very low temperatures. Results


resin modifiers can improve the field performance of asphalt mixes comprehensively, they will be of great benefit to the engineering field. Keywords : hot asphalt mixes – modifiers– unsaturated polyester resin– epoxy resin – BISAR

Morphology, rheology, and physical properties of polymer ...

Reactive polymers can be used as (a) asphalt modifiers , , , , (b) polymer modifiers, , , , or (c) compatibilizers between asphalt and conventional polymers to improve the mechanical behavior, storage stability and temperature susceptibility of the resulting blends and produce cross-linked products.


This paper is a review of researches that have been done using of Polyethylene, Polypropylene and Polystyrene. Among these three modifiers, polyethylene appeared more efficiency especially in terms of rheological properties. Keyword: Asphalt; polymers; polyethylene; polypropylene; polystyrene.

Asphalt - Pavement Interactive

The asphalt binder used with the sample on the left contain no anti-stripping modifier, which resulted in almost no aggregate-asphalt binder adhesion. The asphalt binder used with the sample on the right contains 0.5% (by weight of asphalt binder) of an anti-stripping modifier, which results in good aggregate-asphalt binder adhesion.

Alternative Binders for Sustainable Asphalt Pavements

Asphalt molecular structures can be classified as oils, resins, and asphaltenes (1), or as a mixture of polar and nonpolar molecules (2). The binding properties of asphalt are because of the functional groups of the polar or asphaltene portion of the binder (2).

What are Different Types of Asphalt? (with pictures)

Sep 13, 2019 · The major types used in construction are rolled and mastic. Rolled asphalt is the variety with which most people are probably familiar, as it makes up about 80% of that used in the United States. It is made of aggregate, or solid materials such as sand, gravel, or recycled , with an asphalt …

Modified asphalt use in roofing applications | Asphalt ...

The low-temperature properties worsen some but the high-temperature properties improve considerably. Air-blown asphalt is used predominantly for shingles, but also for low slope built up roofing (BUR). After air blowing, the most common modifiers are styrene-butadiene-styrene copolymer (SBS) and atactic polypropylene (APP).

mix asphalt Use of plastomeric additives to improve ...

Using modifiers including plastomers, elastomers, etc. to improve the engineering properties of asphalt binders is recognized as one of the most effective technical solutions for enhancing the mechanical properties of asphalt mixtures [1, 2, 3, 4].

Effect of Crumb Rubber Modifiers (CRM) on Performance …

Effect of Crumb Rubber Modifiers (CRM) on Performance-Related Properties of Asphalt Binders. Hussain U. Bahia1 and Robert Davies2. Introduction. Crumb rubber derived from used vehicular tires has been used for a wide variety of industrial applications (1).